Glossary

Below is the list of all names or terms used in this story you may not have been familiar with. They are in alphabetical orders.

Ahlul Bayt

A phrase literally meaning ‘People of the Household’ referring to Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w), his daughter Lady Fatimah, his son-in-law Imam Ali, his grandsons Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain.


Ali

(Ali ibn Abi Talib / Imam Ali): The fourth Caliph of the Islamic community, the first divinely commissioned leader, the husband of the Holy Prophets Daughter Lady Fatimah, and the first male to accept Islam as a religion.


Ali Asghar

(Ali al-Asghar ibn Al-Hussain): Also translated as ‘Younger Ali’, was the youngest child of Imam Hussain. He was martyred during the massacre at Karbala and is commemorated as the personified quintessence of the innocent victim.


Caliph (Khalif)

The chief Muslim ruler regarded as the successor to Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w).


Hassan

(Hassan ibn Ali / Imam Hassan) The grandson of Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w) and the son of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib and Lady Fatimah bint Mohammad. The coordinator of the ‘Terms of Reconciliation’ ensuring better harmony within the Islamic community. The second divinely commissioned leader.


Holy Prophet of Islam

God’s Messenger and the founder of Islam sent to confirm the essential teachings of monotheism.


Hurr

(Hurr ibn Yazid al Tamimi): Commader of the Ummayad army dispatched to intercept and divert Imam Hussain.


Hussain

(Hussain ibn Ali / Imam Hussain): The grandson of Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w) and the son of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib and Lady Fatimah bint Mohammad. A member of the Ahlul Bayt and the savior of Islam as tyranny was overruling its principles. The third divinely commissioned leader.


Joda

(Ja-da bint al-Ash’at): Wife of Imam Hassan. Of Yemeni origin, she poisoned Imam Hassan when enticed for worldly goods by Mu’awiya.


Karbala

The name of the site where a massacre occurred against Imam Hussain and members of the Holy Prophets family. Today, Karbala is located 100km southwest of Baghdad and is visited by over 25 million pilgrims each year during the largest annual gathering in the world, known as Arbaeen.


Kharijites

(Khawarij): A group that appeared after the death of the Holy Prophet and broke into revolt against the authority of Imam Ali after he agreed for arbitration with his rival, Mu’awiya.


Kufa (al-Kufah)

A city in Iraq located 170km south of Baghdad.


Mecca (Makkah)

A city in Saudi Arabia visited by several million pilgrims annually for the Hajj pilgrimage.


Mosque of Kufa (Great Mosque of Kufa)

Located in Kufa and one of the earliest mosques in the world, built in the 7th century. The Mosque has a long history of events.


Mu’awiya

(Mu’awiya bin Abi-Sufyan / Muawiyah):Established the Umayyad dynasty and was Governor of many regions including Syria and Egypt.


Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w)

(Prophet Muhammad): God’s Messenger and the founder of Islam sent to confirm the essential teachings of monotheism.


Shimr

(Shimr ibn Dhi’l-Jawshan): Had an allegiance with Yazid and known as the man who beheaded Imam Hussain during the massacre at Karbala.


Terms of Reconciliation

The phrase used to recollect the treaty dictated by Imam Hassan to Mu’awiya in order to ensure peace and stability within the Islamic community at the time.


Umar

(Umar ibn Al-Khattab / Omar): The second Caliph of the Islamic community.


Umar Ibn Sa’ad

Commander-in-Chief of the military forces against Imam Hussain in Karbala.


Ummayad

(Banu Umayya): A clan of the Quraish tribe staunchly opposed to the Islamic Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w).


Uthman

(Uthman ibn Affan / Osman): The third Caliph of the Islamic community and born into the Ummayad tribe.


Yazid

(Yazid ibn Mu’awiya):Commonly known as Yazid and appointed by his father, the ruler of the Ummayad Dynasty who caused the massacre of Karbala.